What factors affect alcohol absorption quizlet?
Multiple factors affect the absorption of alcohol into the blood stream. This absorption directly affects your blood alcohol concentration and your level of intoxication. Your sex (male/female), weight, food you have eaten or are eating, drinking rate, caffeine and carbonation, medications and other drugs.
What increases drug absorption?
Physiologically, a drug’s absorption is enhanced if there is a large surface area available for absorption (e.g. villi/microvilli of intestinal tract) and if there is a large blood supply for the drug to move down its concentration gradient.
What are 4 factors that affect absorption of a drug?
- physicochemical properties (e.g. solubility)
- drug formulation (e.g. tablets, capsules, solutions)
- the route of administration (e.g. oral, buccal, sublingual, rectal, parenteral, topical, or inhaled)
- the rate of gastric emptying.
Which organ’s are responsible for alcohol absorption quizlet?
The liver is the primary organ for processing ETOH in to waste. The kidneys are responsible for waste removal. Alcohol is absorbed directly through the walls of the stomach to the blood stream. Alcohol is also “broken down” by an enzyme in the stomach- alcohol dehydrogenase.
What 3 factors affect the rate in which alcohol enters the bloodstream quizlet?
The factors that influence BAC are rate of absorption, drinking rate, body weight, and the size of the drink. The faster alcohol is consumed, the faster it reaches the blood stream.
What factor has the greatest impact on blood alcohol content?
What factors affect a person’s blood alcohol concentration level?
- Weight-The more a person weighs, the more water there is in his or her body. …
- The number of drinks consumed-When a person starts drinking alcohol, his or her BAC level will steadily increase depending on if alcoholic beverages continue to be consumed.
Which is a factor in determining the rate at which alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream?
What is a factor in determining the rate at which alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream? The alcohol content of the rate beverage, the presence or absence of food in the stomach, and the amount consumed.
How much alcohol is metabolized per hour?
How Fast Can You Sober Up? Alcohol leaves the body at an average rate of 0.015 g/100mL/hour, which is the same as reducing your BAC level by 0.015 per hour. For men, this is usually a rate of about one standard drink per hour.
How quickly is alcohol absorbed into the bloodstream?
All the alcohol of one drink may be absorbed within 30 minutes. If your stomach is relatively full, the alcohol will stay there longer. The absorption process will be slower and may take up to 90 minutes.
What route of drug absorption has the greatest bioavailability?
The intravenous route provides 100% absorption and bioavailability and is the least problematic of routes of administration. When allowed by marketing, patience compliance, pharmacokinetic and biophysical properties (such as solubility in a nonirritant vehicle), the IV route is generally the most desirable.