Which alcohol has lowest solubility in water?


Which alcohol would be most soluble in water?

However, Methanol has the smallest chain among all the alcoholic compounds. So, Methanol is most soluble in water.

Which is maximum soluble in water n butyl alcohol?

Thus, The solubility increases with increase in the number of branches because increase in branching increases the surface area of the non-polar hydrocarbon. Thus, the solubility increases which means that tertiary butyl isomer alcohol will be more soluble in water as compared n butyl and isobutyl.

Why is t-butyl alcohol soluble in water?

The hydroxyl group is referred to as a hydrophilic (“water-loving”) group, because it forms hydrogen bonds with water and enhances the solubility of an alcohol in water. Methanol, ethanol, n-propyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, and t-butyl alcohol are all miscible with water.

Why are higher alcohols not soluble in water?

The −OH group in alcohols is polar and forms hydrogen bonds with water which results in solubility of alcohols in water. … of hydrocarbon chains increases the steric hindrance increases and hence it becomes difficult for higher alcohols to make bonds or react with water.

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Which is more soluble phenol or alcohol?

Phenols : Phenols also form hydrogen bonds with water and hence are soluble in water. However, the solubility of phenols is much lower than that of alcohols due to the presence of the larger hydrocarbon part (benzene ring).

Does alcohol dissolve in water?

When you mix the rubbing alcohol with water, the latter’s molecules make hydrogen bonds with the water molecules. The alcohol dissolves in the water to form a homogenous solution, so you cannot distinguish the alcohol and the water anymore.

Which has highest solubility?

CsOH has the highest solubility of water because of low lattice energy due to large size.

Is N-Butyl alcohol soluble in water?

partial miscibility in water

…the solubility (weight percent) of n-butyl alcohol in water is 6.5 percent, whereas that of water in n-butyl alcohol is 22.4 percent.

Is t-butyl alcohol soluble in water?

The t-butyl alcohol has the greatest water solubility because the hydrophobic component has a lower surface area due to the more spherical nature of the alkyl chain. In addition compare 1-butanethiol with 1-butanol by acidity, boiling point and water solubility.

Why does alcohol dissolve in water?

It is polar. The oxygen has a slight negative charge, and the hydrogen has a slight positive charge. … Even though alcohol has one polar area (O–H bond) and a larger nonpolar area (C–H bonds), polar water molecules and the polar area on alcohol molecules are attracted to each other, causing alcohol to dissolve in water.

Which of the following is the least soluble in water n butyl alcohol?

Of the given options, the largest alcohol of all is 1- pentanol and will thus have the least solubility in water. Thus, the correct answer is D.

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Is cyclohexanol alcohol soluble in water?

Cyclohexanols are compounds containing an alcohol group attached to a cyclohexane ring. Cyclohexanol is soluble (in water) and an extremely weak acidic compound (based on its pKa).